How to Stop an Artesian Well From Flowing

An artesian well is a type of well that taps into an underground water source, usually located in a confined aquifer. The natural pressure from the aquifer causes the water to rise to the surface without any need for pumps or other equipment. This makes artesian wells a convenient and cost-effective way to obtain clean and fresh water.

How to Stop an Artesian Well From Flowing

In this guide, we will discuss some effective methods on how to stop an artesian well from flowing. These methods are applicable to both residential and commercial wells, but it is always best to consult a professional for more complex situations.

Understanding the Basics of Artesian Wells

Before we dive into the methods of stopping an artesian well from flowing, it is essential to have a basic understanding of how these wells work.

As mentioned earlier, artesian wells are drilled into a confined aquifer, an underground layer of permeable rock or soil containing water. This layer is usually sandwiched between two layers of impermeable rock, such as clay or shale.

When the well is drilled, it taps into this confined aquifer and creates a pathway for the water to flow to the surface. The pressure from the aquifer pushes the water up, creating a constant flow from the well.

11 Best Methods on How to Stop an Artesian Well From Flowing

1. Installing a Valve:

Installing a valve at the wellhead is one of the simplest and most effective ways to stop an artesian well from flowing.

Valve Allows You to Control the Flow of Water

This valve allows you to control the flow of water, and you can easily shut it off when needed. This method is often used for maintenance purposes, such as changing filters or performing repairs. If you are planning on shutting off the well for an extended period, it is best to install a permanent valve.

2. Using a Pressure Tank:

A pressure tank is another practical solution for stopping an artesian well from flowing. These tanks store and regulate the water pressure, allowing you to control when the water flows out of the well. By adjusting the pressure settings, you can effectively stop the flow of water.

Pressure tanks are also useful for managing fluctuations in water pressure, which can occur in artesian wells. Using a pressure tank can help prevent damage to your plumbing system and appliances.

3. Installing a Check Valve:

A check valve, also known as a one-way valve, is another effective method for stopping an artesian well from flowing. This valve only allows water to flow in one direction, preventing any backflow from the well. By installing a check valve at the top of the well, you can effectively stop the flow of water.

However, keep in mind that check valves are not suitable for wells with irregular pressure or fluctuating water levels. If you’re experiencing these issues, using a pressure tank or valve is best.

4. Using an Air Relief Valve:

An air relief valve is a small device that releases trapped air from the water lines, preventing any potential damage to the plumbing system. It can also help control the flow of water by releasing excess pressure in the system.

Planning on Shutting Off Your Artesian Well

If you are planning on shutting off your artesian well, it is essential to use an air relief valve to prevent any damage. If no air relief valve is installed, you may experience a sudden burst of water when turning the system back on.

5. Installing a Flow Control Device:

A flow control device controls the amount of water that flows out of the well by restricting its flow rate. This can be a useful solution for managing wells with high-flowing water or to prevent excess water from being pumped out. Various flow control devices, such as orifice plates, flow restrictors, and automatic flow controllers, are available.

This method is suitable for both residential and commercial wells. If you need help determining which flow control device to use, consult a professional for the best solution for your well.

6. Using a Submersible Pump:

Using a submersible pump may be the best solution for stopping an artesian well from flowing. These pumps are installed at the bottom of the well and can be turned on or off to control the water flow.

They are most commonly used for irrigation or to supply water to a specific area. However, remember that submersible pumps require electricity to function, so they may not be suitable for extended periods.

7. Lowering the Water Level:

If your artesian well is flowing at a high rate, you can lower the water level by pumping out excess water. This method can be effective but may deplete your water source.

The Water Level and Stopping Pumping

Monitoring the water level and stopping pumping once it reaches a safe level is essential. Additionally, this method should only be used as a temporary solution. If your well continues to flow at a high rate, it is best to consult a professional.

8. Using Sandbags:

If you need to stop the water flow quickly in an emergency, using sandbags can be a temporary solution. Stack the sandbags around the outside of the well casing to create a barrier and prevent any excess water from flowing out.

However, this method should only be used as a last resort and is not suitable for long-term use. Using sandbags can also cause damage to the well casing and may not be effective for high-flowing wells.

9. Plugging the Well:

Plugging the well involves filling it with cement or clay to completely seal off the flow of water. This method is typically used when an artesian well is no longer needed or in cases where it cannot be stopped using other methods. Plugging a well should only be done by professionals, as it requires specialized equipment and expertise. If you are considering plugging your well, consult a professional for the best approach.

10. Redrilling the Well:

Redrilling may be necessary to stop an artesian well from flowing if all other methods fail. This involves drilling a new pathway for the water to flow out, avoiding the original location that is causing the issue. Redrilling can be costly, so it should only be done as a last resort.

If you are considering this option, it is best to consult a professional to assess the situation and determine the best course of action. This method may also require obtaining permits and approvals from local authorities.

11. Seeking Professional Help:

From a Well Contractor or Hydrogeologist

If all else fails, seeking professional help from a well contractor or hydrogeologist may be necessary. These experts have the knowledge and experience to identify the cause of your artesian well’s high flow rate and recommend the best solution.

They may also be able to provide ongoing maintenance and monitoring services to prevent future issues. Choosing a reputable and experienced professional for the best results is crucial.

Using these methods, you can effectively stop an artesian well from flowing and prevent potential damage or water waste. Remember to always prioritize safety when dealing with wells and seek professional help if needed. With proper maintenance and management, your artesian well can continue to provide a reliable source of water for years to come.

Additional Tips and Tricks to Stop an Artesian Well From Flowing

  1. If the well is located near a water body, try to pump out the water from the well at a faster rate than it is being replenished. This will help reduce the flow of water into the well and eventually slow down or stop the flow.
  2. Another method is to install a packer system, which involves sealing off certain sections of the well using inflatable rubber packers. This can help control the flow of water and prevent it from reaching the surface.
  3. As a temporary solution, you can also place a large rock or debris in front of the wellhead to restrict the flow of water. However, this method may only be effective in the short term as the rock or debris may eventually shift or erode due to constant contact with the flowing water.
  4. Installing a control valve on the wellhead can also help regulate the flow of water by allowing you to adjust the opening size and restrict or increase the flow as needed.
  5. If all else fails, it may be necessary to completely shut down the well and seal it off until a more permanent solution can be implemented. This should only be done as a last resort, as it can be costly and may require professional help.
  6. Regular maintenance of the well, including routine inspections and repairs, can also help prevent unexpected flow or leaks. It is important to address any issues promptly with the well to avoid larger problems in the future.
  7. In some cases, installing a groundwater monitoring system can provide valuable information about the well’s water levels and flow rate. This can help identify potential issues early on and allow for more efficient management of the well.
  8. Always follow local regulations and obtain any necessary permits before attempting to stop an artesian well from flowing. Improper techniques or actions may result in fines or legal consequences.
  9. If you need help properly handling a flowing artesian well, it is best to seek professional assistance. Experienced well drillers or hydrogeologists can provide expert advice and help implement a safe and effective solution.
  10. Attempting to stop an artesian well from flowing can be dangerous and should only be done with proper knowledge and precautions. Always prioritize safety and take necessary precautions when working with wells or groundwater systems.
Attempting to Stop an Artesian Well

Following these additional tips and tricks can help effectively stop an artesian well from flowing. However, it is important to assess each situation carefully and choose the best course of action based on the specific circumstances. When in doubt, seeking professional assistance is always recommended. 

Things You Should Consider to Stop an Artesian Well From Flowing

  1. The first thing you should consider is the design of the well. Artesian wells are typically drilled into confined aquifers, underground layers of permeable rock containing water. If the well is not designed properly, it may result in excessive flow or even loss of control over the flow.
  2. Another important factor to consider is the geology of the area where the well is located. It is crucial to understand the characteristics of the rock layers surrounding the aquifer and any faults or fractures that may affect water flow.
  3. The depth of the well is also a key consideration. If the well is too deep, it may encounter high-pressure zones that can cause excessive flow. On the other hand, if it is too shallow, it may not tap into the main source of water and result in low flow or even dry up.
  4. Proper well construction is essential to control the flow of an artesian well. This includes using appropriate materials, such as casing and seals, to prevent water from escaping through gaps or cracks in the well walls.
  5. Regular maintenance and monitoring of the well can also help prevent excessive flow. This includes checking for any signs of leaks or damage to the well and measuring water levels and pressure to ensure they are within safe limits.
  6. In some cases, installing a control valve or pump can help manage the flow of an artesian well. These devices allow for adjustable flow rates and can be used to regulate the amount of water that flows out of the well.
  7. If all else fails, it may be necessary to decommission the well. This involves sealing off the well permanently to prevent any further water flow. However, this should only be considered as a last resort and should be done with caution to avoid causing damage to surrounding aquifers or wells.
  8. It is also important to consider local regulations and permits before taking any actions to stop an Artesian well from flowing. These may vary depending on location and can involve well construction, maintenance, and decommissioning restrictions.
  9. Seeking professional advice and assistance is highly recommended when dealing with artesian wells. Geologists, hydrologists, and well drillers have specialized knowledge and experience in working with these types of wells and can provide valuable insights and solutions to control flow.

Following these considerations can help prevent any issues or disruptions caused by excessive artesian well flow. It is important to carefully plan and monitor these wells to ensure their sustainability and responsible use of groundwater resources.  So, always consider these points while dealing with an artesian well.

Precautions Need to Be Followed for Stopping an Artesian Well From Flowing

Design Before Attempting to Stop Its Flow
  1. First and foremost, it is important to have a detailed understanding of the well and its design before attempting to stop its flow. This will help in choosing the most effective method for stopping the well.
  2. Before initiating any work on an artesian well, make sure to obtain all necessary permits and approvals from local authorities or regulatory bodies. This includes obtaining permission for drilling, construction, alteration, and abandonment of the well.
  3. Always conduct a thorough risk assessment before commencing work on an artesian well. This will help identify potential hazards and develop strategies to mitigate them.
  4. Ensure that all necessary protective gear, such as safety glasses, gloves, and hard hats, are worn at all times during the process.
  5. Before starting any work on an artesian well, it is crucial to locate and identify all underground utilities, such as gas lines, water pipes, and electrical wires. This will prevent any damage or accidents during the process.
  6. It is recommended to have a trained professional oversee the process of stopping an artesian well to ensure safety and proper execution.
  7. In the case of drilling a new well or reworking an existing one, it is essential to only use high-quality and certified materials to prevent any potential leaks or contamination.
  8. It is important to have a contingency plan in place in case of unexpected events such as equipment failure, unplanned increases in flow rate, or changes in well conditions.
  9. Regular monitoring and evaluation should be carried out during the process of stopping an artesian well to ensure that it is being done effectively and safely.
Precautions Will Help Stop the Well Safely

Following these precautions will help stop the well safely and prevent any potential harm to the environment and surrounding communities. It is crucial to follow these precautions diligently to avoid accidents or disasters and ensure the well is properly handled.

Additionally, it is important to stay updated on any changes in regulations or best practices for stopping artesian wells to ensure compliance and safety. 


Knowing how to stop an artesian well from flowing is an important skill for anyone who has an artesian well on their property. Whether you are dealing with a sudden burst or want to make sure your well is under control, these steps can help you effectively stop the water flow.

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Terry Alexander

Hi, I am Terry. I started my professional life as a handyman and did a lot of external and internal repair of home and plumbing support. From my childhood, my passion for home repair and fixtures created an opportuinity to pursue a career in HVAC and plumbing industry. As I gained years of knowledge and my love for plumbing grew overtime, I thought to document my journey so that I could help others who ran into daily problems in their home repair. Hopefully it will help you fix those pesky home repair and plumbing problems that always seem to happen at the worst time possible!

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